Heavy Metals in Parrot Fish

heavy metals in parrot fish

Heavy Metals in Parrot Fish

Heavy Metals in Parrot Fish

Despite the benefits of seafood’s consumption, the bioaccumulation of heavy metals in Parrot fish can endanger consumers’ health.

This study analyzed lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), Arsenic (As), and Cadmium (Cd) concentrations in fillet and gill of parrotfish (Scarus ghobban) using flame atomic adsorption spectroscopy (FAAS). The potential non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic health risks due to consumption of Scarus ghobban fillet were assessed by estimating average target hazard quotient (THQ) and total target hazard quotient (TTHQ) and Incremental Lifetime Cancer Risk cancer risk (ILCR) of the analyzed metals.

This study indicated that Cd, Pb, As and Hg concentrations were significantly (p < 0.05) lower than Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and national standard limits.

The meal concentrations (μg/kg dry weight) in both fillet and gill were ranked as follows Pb > Cd > As > Hg. THQ and TTHQ were lower than 1 for adults and children, indicating that consumers were not at considerable non-carcinogenic risk.

However, ILCR value for As was greater than 10-4, indicating that consumers are at carcinogenic risk. Overall, this research highlighted that although the consumption of parrotfish from the Persian Gulf does not pose non-carcinogenic health risks, carcinogenic risks derived from toxic As can be detrimental for local consumers.


If you have concerns about your level of heavy metals there is now a simple Hair Tissue Analysis that you can do to determine a number of heavy metals that are circulating in your blood, as well as a full mineral profile.


Heavy metals in fish are difficult to avoid these days so we have to be careful with our food choices.

In order to prevent free radical damage from toxic metals, it is important to undertake a natural toxic metal detox. The question, is what is the best choice as there are so many detox products on the market?

It is best to eliminate heavy metals naturally using a proven toxic metal formulations such as HMD™.

We recommend you take the HMD™ Ultimate Detox Pack which contains the HMD™ (Heavy Metal Detox) as well as LAVAGE, a herbal drainage remedy and organic CHLORELLA.

This can be used by all the family and there are also children’s dosages too.

Natural toxic metal detox using HMD™ – designed for eliminating heavy metals naturally!

HMD™ is a natural heavy metals detox formulation for removing heavy metals from body!

Share this post